Athletes experience a range of emotions during sports. Some are anticipatory before a game, while others are induced during a game. Athletes may feel pride and despair when their idol is injured, or they may feel ecstatic when a late-game goal transforms defeat into victory. These feelings are often mediated by sports subcultures. Here, we’ll explore some of the most common emotions related to sports.
In the 20th century, the international order of sports underwent a period of social and spatial diffusion. During this time, African Americans, Australian Aboriginals, and South African “Cape Coloureds” were finally given the opportunity to participate in the world’s sports. Athletes from other, less wealthy countries were unable to compete with those from richer nations, as they lacked the financial rewards and training facilities. However, in the 21st century, sports underwent a revolution in which women were allowed to participate in previously exclusively male sports.
While there are many variations of sport, most competitions are governed by a set of rules and customs that ensure fair competition and consistent adjudication of winners. Often, winning is decided by a panel of judges. This committee scores the elements of a sporting performance, which may include subjective or objective measures. Sports can be categorized according to their origin, but there are many similarities across different sports. The most common definition of a sport is the term “competition” or “contest”.