Throughout human history, people have participated in games. These usually involve physical activities. They are also competitive. Some sports involve skill, while others are purely for fun.
Sport plays an important role in identity formation. It is also an influential representation of people, communities, and cultures. In the past, sports have been associated with nationalism. However, these associations have been criticized as xenophobic and chauvinistic.
Today, sport is part of a larger globalization process. It is often marketed as a way to achieve prestige and distinction. However, in recent years, sports have also been marketed as a way to achieve pleasure. It can also influence attitudes, thoughts, and relationships.
Globalization of sports has been characterized by the development of national sports organizations. These organizations have set the rules for the sport and standardized them. In addition, special competitions have been established, such as the Olympic Games. These have also served to market the sport to a global audience.
The globalization of sports has also been accompanied by the increasing complexity of labour migration. This includes athletes, coaches, and administrators. During the last decades of the 20th century, this migration increased in intensity.
This globalization has also had a profound effect on sports. Its impact can be seen in the invention of new traditions and practices. Sports have also been a key element in liberal nationalist political struggles.
The Cold War era (1950s to 1990s) was a period of international sports competition. The rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States was also evident in sporting events. Both nations claimed victories as evidence of ideological superiority.